ionizer, swimming pool purifiers, ionization, swimming pool sanitizers,
water,,treatment, automatic electronic swimming pool purification,
chemical free water purification, environmentally safe swimming pool
algicides, water disinfection chemicals, spa, purifier, spa
spa sanitizer, spa hot tub water treatment, hot tub purifier, chlorine
water treatment, Legionella pneumophila
Nature's Secret Way to Purify Water
If you can recall your high school chemistry days, an Ion is any atom with an electrical charge - positive if it is short an electron, negative if it has an extra electron. An ion with a positive charge is called a cation, while one with a negative charge is known as an anion. To ionize something means to transform the atom into one of these two ionic forms.
The Clearwater purification system consists of a state-of-the-art, microprocessor control box and a scientifically designed set of electrodes composed of copper and silver that are set slightly apart from each other. Water is passed through a specially built flow-cell chamber that houses the electrodes.
The control box works by generating a precise, low-voltage, DC current at milliamp levels to the electrodes. These electrodes consist of a metal-plated cathode and a metal-plated anode. A current is passed between the cathode and the anode, thus producing copper and silver ions by normal plating. Basically, the current causes some of the outermost atoms of the electrodes to lose an electron, thus becoming positive ions. In the specially developed flow cell, 100% of the water will pass through the electrodes. While the water is running through the chamber, many of these ions are swept away before they can reach the other side of the electrodes. As a result, copper and silver ions are dispersed into the body of water that is being purified.
The amount of ions introduced is controlled by the microprocessor control box, an adjustable transformer that changes 220 volt AC current from the power source to a low voltage DC current. The higher the charge, the more ions are released. the amount of ions in the water are determined by a simple copper-ion test kit. The electrodes were designed that when the proper copper-ion level is obtained, the silver level will be correct too. Both the anode and cathode are plated with the same mixture of copper and silver. The polarity is switched back and forth between the electrodes two elements every five (5) minutes to prevent plating of the cathode - a process that reduces the electrode's surface area over time. The polarity change assures equal wear and tear of the two electrodes and prolongs life.
The Johnson Space Center developed an electrolytic silver ion generator only slightly larger than a cigarette pack and weighing only 30 grams. This small ionizer required minimal power and no astronaut monitoring. Mounted at various locations in the potable water supply and wastewater systems, the ionizer would dispense silver ions to eliminate bacteria and viruses. In 1962, silver was approved for use in drinking water by the U.S. Public Health Service. Clearwater was granted a license from NASA to use their technology as the basis for its purification system as an alternative approach to the use of conventional purification chemicals.
Clearwater has been written up in NASA magazines, had its product presented in NASA lectures across the country, and was recently nominated by the Johnson Space Center's "Product Hall of Fame" as one of the most successful companies using NASA technology.
Today, copper is recognized as one of the best algaecide killers known to man. Oxides and sulfates of copper are used for pesticides, algaecides and fungicides. Pool stores worldwide sell copper based algaecide to kill black algae - the toughest of all to kill.
has been known as
bacteria and virus killer for centuries. Silver sulfate is the standard
antibacterial treatment for burns and any type or an open
and is used to protect the eyes of newborns. Household
and industrial carbon filters purify
water through the presence of silver particles and thus the
bacteria is avoided. These days, to prevent the occurrence of
bacteria in shoes, fine threads of silver are woven in to socks.
surfaces of fridge interiors are rendered antibacterial simply by the
of silver ions. Activated carbon
drinking water purification, impregnate silver to
bacterial build-up. Silver is used as the drinking water purification
half the world's airlines and in over 1,000 passenger ships. Soft
drink, beer, liquor, wine and other beverages are rendered pure and
more palatable by the addition of silver in over 70 countries.
Several studies by major universities have documented the effectiveness of the copper/silver ionization system.
When copper and silver ions are
released into the water, these cationic, surface-active ions are a
potent biocide. The disinfection action takes place when the positively
charged copper and silver ions form electrostatic bonds negatively
charged areas on the microorganism cell walls. These electrostatic
bonds create stresses which lead to distorted cell wall permeability,
minimizing the normal intake of life sustaining nutrients. Once inside
an algae cell, copper and
silver attack sulfur containing amino acid residues in the proteins
for photosynthesis (the process of converting light into usable food
and energy). As a result, photosynthesis is blocked and lead to cell
lysis and death. If the algae cell manages to live, the reproduction
process is hampered by the presence of the copper ions and the spread
of algae is held in check. Bacteria is killed, rather that suppressed.
The greatest benefit of
copper/silver ionization is that the ions remain in the water providing
a residual protection. They provide long-term, nontoxic purification
and prevent against recontamination. Unlike most other types of
sanitizers, the copper and silver ions remain in the water until they
flocculate, or form masses with algae and bacteria and then become
large enough to be removed by the filtering equipment. When the "used"
copper and silver ions are removed, the microprocessor control box is
always producing new copper and silver ions to continuously sanitize
the water. Generally the setting of the microprocessor is kept at the
same setting, thus a proper amount of copper
and silver ions are always in the water. If your test kit shows a
level too low, simply turn the control knob up a notch. The digital
will show the milliamp charge going to the electrodes. Even if the unit
was turned off, the copper and silver ions remain in the water until
flocculate with algae and bacteria, and are removed by the filtering
system. This can last several months!
Using these techniques, public swimming pools can reduce their use of chlorine by up to 80% and achieve a reduction of their output of toxic trihalomethanes by up to 150%.
Although the use of chlorine disinfection
still continues in
the treatment of swimming pools in
For more than twenty years, the swimming pools of St. Vith have been kept clean and disinfected through the means of copper/silver ionization, without any addition of chlorine and with the full support of local sanitation authorities.
The Clearwater Purification System is easy to operate, requires little maintenance and is backed by a 5 year warranty. The copper and silver ionization has been proven to kill cryptosporidium, E-Coli, V. Cholera, Legionnaires Disease, and many other types of bacteria and viruses.
The Clearwater Purification System can be used on virtually any body of water. We have systems on tens of thousands of swimming pools, spas, cooling towers, hospital water supplies, Marine habitat aquariums, fish ponds, cisterns, lakes, quarries, pilas, drinking water systems - under the counter, household, and bottled water systems.
ionization system will kill more than 650 types of
bacteria, viruses and protozoa.
Water Purification Systems
|At right is a view of the dolphin pool at the Clearwater Marine Science Center, Clearwater Beach, Florida. Because high levels of chlorine cause damage to the skins of dolphins and turtles, the Marine Science Center employs a chlorine-free system of water purification. The system, is based on technology developed by NASA during the Apollo Lunar Landing Program. Clearwater employs variations of the basic technology in a number of other applications. For cooling towers, the Clearwater ionization systems cleans tanks of bacteria and algae, while a Clearwater Descaler attacks the "scale" and corrosion that commonly build up in such towers. The company produces systems for cleansing swimming pools, spas, hot tubs, water recycling systems, systems for bacteria/algae control in ponds and marine saltwater habitats, systems for hospital water purification, and systems for purifying drinking water.||
The ancient Greeks were the first to discover the sanitizing power of copper.
The Egyptians kept their water in silver containers to prevent contamination
The Early American Pioneers
Early American pioneers moving west across the continent put copper and silver coins in large wooden water casks to provide them with safe drinking water on their long voyage. When the wagons rolled, the agitation caused the coins to discharge ions (an electrically charged particle) in the water. The copper ions killed algae and the silver ions killed bacteria.
Ionized Wishing Wells?
Have you ever noticed how clear the water is in a wishing well or pond? All those coins you throw in there for "good luck" are solely responsible for the clarity of the water. There is no chlorine or other sanitizers in the water. Those coins are producing copper and silver ions (killing algae and bacteria) and leaving the water sparkling clear. Now the same principle can be applied to pools -- and you don't have to throw any coins in your pool!
your pool into an Artesian Mineral
Bath without the use of corrosive & carcinogenic chlorine."
Copyright 2006 by ClearWater Tec S.L.